María Amparo Grau Ruiz
The innovative ‘mainstreaming approach’ for climate-related action is described and assessed, together with the ‘non-productive investments’ in the European Union. The recent European Court of Auditors’ recommendations and the European Commission’s reactions on these issues are carefully analysed. Both the European Funds and the national co-financing should provide support to promote sustainable goals in a cost-effective manner. The responsibilities to achieve this may vary for the EU and the Member States, depending on the direct or shared management mode applied. In response to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the ‘quality’ of public spending should be improved, finding a balance between the robustness of data and the administrative effort required.
Nathalie Chalifour, María Amparo Grau- Ruiz and Edoardo Traversa
Marta Villar Ezcurra and María Amparo Grau Ruiz
For the European economic recovery, in line with the UN Sustainable Development Agenda, the EU State aid law has become an important tool, as it has been relaxed to enable EU Member States to take swift action to support citizens and undertakings in the green and digital twin transitions, after COVID19. The targeted and proportionate application of the State aid regime serves to ensure that any national support measure is effective to move towards these objectives. Better simultaneous control mechanisms should be in place to assure the well-functioning of the internal market in an open and competitive way, and social cohesion within the Union. The use of cumulative controls, or the attention paid to sector analysis (e.g. car industry) may lead to a more transparent evaluation of the actual impact of public aid.