This chapter examines the road and railway links in Myanmar connecting northeast India on the one side with the rest of Southeast Asia on the other. It also discusses the importance of new deepwater ports in creating alternative shipping routes, essential for Myanmar’s international links. It reviews the country’s external trade patterns, and analyzes issues related to trade facilitation, exchange rate policy, financial sector reform and private sector development. The extent to which these gaps can be addressed will depend on the costs and benefits. South Asia–Southeast Asia connectivity can only be accomplished if Myanmar improves the hard and soft infrastructure aspects of connectivity.