Family firms are complex organizations owing to the co-existence of two institutions: the family and the firm. The family delivers to those organizations high levels of interpersonal dynamics that are embedded in the family supra-system and that shape the second institution (the firm) in terms of nonfinancial value not typically found in nonfamily businesses. The study of family business through the lens of institutional theory highlights three levels of analysis: the family, the firm and the actor(s) in the institutional context. These three levels call for progress at the theoretical and methodological level. In this chapter, the focus is on the mixed methods approach for family firm and institutions research. The idea is that mixed methods research, using both qualitative and quantitative perspectives in the same study, provides additional understanding and generalizability for the topic under study and helps to solve the complexities arising from the interaction of the three levels of analysis identified above.
Giorgia Maria D’Allura and Mariasole Bannò
Mariasole Bannò, Giorgia Maria D’Allura, Celeste Amorim Varum and Sandro Trento
Innovation is a key driver of firms’ international growth, which in turn positively influences innovation activities and then firms’ performance. Many authors have tried to identify and explain the relationship between innovation and internationalization at the firm level. To date, few empirical studies have investigated it at a regional level. Moreover, the literature has focused only on one direction of causality, while scant attention has been paid to empirically inspecting innovation and internationalization together. This chapter provides a review of the literature on the mutual connection of these two strategic choices, taking into account the potential role of family firms in disentangling such a relationship.