Women as business entrepreneurs have been the subject of more intensive research in the last decades, not least in connection with European Union (EU) projects and inter-state comparisons. However, regional comparisons within states like the Nordic states in general and within, like Sweden in particular, are rare. In this chapter, we explore whether regional business traditions and regional structures influence women entrepreneurs, and if so, how and to what extent. The research questions are as follows: Under which conditions and with which criteria is political entrepreneurship of crucial importance as counterweight to strong business networks, or are they to be considered complementary? Does political entrepreneurship matter, and if so what would be the criteria for women’s business entrepreneurship? Do some forms of networks replace the absence of political entrepreneurship or are they to be considered as complementary? How is this affected by local or regional business climates and corresponding historical traditions?
Marie-Louise von Bergmann-Winberg and Yvonne von Friedrichs
Evangelia Petridou, Maria Alebaki and Marie-Louise von Bergmann-Winberg
This chapter provides a case study on crises and the management of crises by conceptualising and exploring the interconnections between resilience and entrepreneurship. The main focus in this chapter is how politically entrepreneurial strategies might promote resilience in times of crisis. The case study explores the emerging wine sector in Greece as an example of a sector that is resilient despite major economic challenges. Faced by economic challenges due to decreased wine consumption in Greece, many Greek wine producers decided to focus on wine exports and wine tourism. In addition, the crises also triggered collaboration amongst the wine producers through associations and networks to counterbalance EU and national policies that have negatively affected the conditions for wine production. These networks consisted of public and private actors that pooled financial, social and political resources and were able to use European regional development projects for regional development.