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Martin Cortazzi and Lixian Jin

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Martin Cortazzi and Lixian Jin

This chapter provides a brief rationale and a detailed framework for narrative analysis in educational research. This is presented as 28 comprehensive questions which relate to the nature of oral narratives as often given orally by teachers and students when they recount classroom events or report their personal experience. The questions guide consideration of narrative contexts, interaction, functions and meanings of personal stories, and wider considerations of some educational issues raised in narrative research. The chapter is illustrated with several narratives about teaching and learning from the UK, China and Malaysia.

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Martin Cortazzi and Lixian Jin

Metaphor analysis can be used in education to investigate teachers’ and learners’ beliefs and values, among a broad range of related research applications. This chapter presents a rationale for this innovative qualitative method, signposting a broad range of related literature sources to help researchers. We outline stages of using eliciting metaphors for analysis, emphasizing how analysts need to collect participants’ metaphors and examine datasets for relationships between and combinations of three essential elements of metaphors (targets, sources and entailments) in clear steps to build up rich interpretations, which can be confirmed. We exemplify these with detailed researched examples related to ‘good’ teachers, student learning, language and dyslexia to explore concepts and beliefs held by participants in China, Malaysia, Singapore, Lebanon and the UK. Metaphor analysis can be used independently, combined with other methods or within some methods. Often it evokes particular engagement and creativity to provide insightful and inspirational responses.