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Mengqiu Cao and Robin Hickman

This chapter utilises the Capabilities Approach to assess different levels of social equity in relation to transport provision in East Beijing. The aim of the analysis is to explore the different levels of social equity relative to gender, age, hukou, personal income and car ownership, specifically in terms of capabilities and functionings, that is, we investigate how the perceived opportunity to travel and access activities as well as actual travel differs across population groups. East Beijing, and in particular the district of Guomao, is used as a case study, to illustrate features of a relatively wealthy area with abundant transport resources. The research analysis shows that capabilities and functionings differ according to an individual’s socio-economic characteristics. In transport planning, in China and beyond, we would argue that transport-related social inequity has been largely overlooked in developing transport systems and is not considered to any significant extent in project appraisal.

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Mengqiu Cao, Yongping Zhang, Yuerong Zhang, Shengxiao Li and Robin Hickman

Mengqiu Cao, Yongping Zhang, Yuerong Zhang, Shengxiao Li and Robin Hickman apply different social equity measures, including the Capability Approach, Gini coefficient, Atkinson index, Palma ratio, Pietra ratio, Schutz coefficient and Theil index, in relation to transport and social equity in the neighbourhood of Tuqiao, Beijing. This is a migrant-rich, low income neighbourhood, adjacent to the East Sixth Ring Road and Batong Subway Line One extension. Gender, age, hukou, incumbent population, personal income and car ownership are related to travel and travel experience.