Over the past two decades there has been an explosion of studies on food. Just as the significance of food permeates the social, environmental, cultural, economic and political domains, food studies scholarship has developed in an interdisciplinary spirit across sociology, geography, anthropology and International Political Economy (IPE). However, both critical IPE scholarship on food and critical agri-food studies have in the main failed to incorporate or enter into a dialogue with a feminist or gendered analysis. At the same time, feminist IPE debates have rarely found expression in debates around food. A feminist IPE of food is therefore something of a patchwork. This chapter, although not exhaustive, maps some of the key scholarship and issues in this area, and argues that in order to understand the political economy of food we need insights from both material and cultural analyses.