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Michális S. Michael

In this chapter Michael canvasses the whole gambit of Greek Cypriot political approaches – both official and oppositional, across the core issues that constitute the Cyprus problem. The chapter covers approaches to federalism (evolutionary, ‘correct’, continuation of the Republic of Cyprus), the vexed question of security and guarantees (demilitarisation, a new security system, ‘the zero troops, zero guarantees’ mantra), settlers (humanitarian allowance, the political dimension of the demographic issue, ‘all settlers out of Cyprus’), territorial adjustments (rejection of delineations, maximum return, maximalist position), property and refugees (return of at least 100,000, recognition of property, onus on owners), freedoms (limited restrictions, no restrictions), and power-sharing and federal government (consociationalism, majoritarianism and libertarians).

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Edited by Michális S. Michael and Yücel Vural

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Michális S. Michael and Yücel Vural

In this introductory chapter, Michael and Vural frame the challenge confronting the Cyprus peace process around a series of nagging questions that have eluded progress for over four decades: can third parties (the United Nations, the European Union and others) realistically broker peace, reconciliation and unification in Cyprus? Was 2015–17 really the last chance for a (reunified) resolution to the Cyprus problem? If not, what is the way forward? What of the future? How, will Cyprus and its conflict unfold 10–20 years from now in a post-negotiated situation (whether a unitary, federated, two-state or status quo solution prevails)? What are the means of creating a dialogue under all, or any, of these circumstances? Coming in the midst of the 2015–17 Cyprus talks, the chapter notes the difficulty of ‘shadowing’ ongoing developments while endeavouring to analyse and assess how an imagined solution would affect, and/or deter, the politics of change and continuity.

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Michális S. Michael and Maria Hadjipavlou

In this chapter Michael and Hadjipavlou situate the Cyprus conflict within the historical discourse of conflict analysis and resolution and reflect on how the case study has both informed and been informed by the discourse. They then proceed in surveying the whole foray of conflict resolution interventions at the citizens’ level – especially, but not exclusively, since the partial lifting of restrictions to movement in 2003 – and review their impact on elite thinking. Michael and Hadjipavlou conclude by assessing Cypriot bicommunalism and its transferability on both decision making and public opinion processes.

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Cyprus and the Roadmap for Peace

A Critical Interrogation of the Conflict

Edited by Michális S. Michael and Yücel Vural

While 2017 offered much ground for optimism in resolving the longstanding ‘Cyprus problem’, a closer inspection of the differences experienced reveals the complex difficulties that surround the conflict. The impasse introduced a short-lived confidence that concealed the contradictory combustion of a ‘frozen’/dormant conflict. Despite intense high-level negotiations, a way forward has proved elusive, while local constituency expectations are challenging their leaders for control over both process and outcome. This dilemma lies at the heart of this edited volume.
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Yücel Vural, Sertaç Sonan and Michális S. Michael

This chapter examines the dual relationship that the Turkish Cypriot community maintains with the two significant actors of the Cyprus dispute – namely Turkey and the Greek Cypriot community – and argues that the Turkish Cypriot community has been grappling with the dilemma of how to maintain its identity through this binary juxtaposition. Numerically, politically, economically and militarily weaker, as well as internationally isolated, the Turkish Cypriots have always viewed Ankara as its protector against Greek Cypriot hegemony. Yet, growing dependence on Turkey, as it has turned out, posed an equally severe existential threat on its identity, making reaching an accommodation with the Greek Cypriots an urgent necessity. The discrepancy created by the conflicting and insurmountable demands imposed by Turkey and the Greek Cypriots constitutes the very core of the Turkish Cypriot dilemma.