The 2008–09 recession in the U.S. left many states struggling with an eroding tax base and declining overall economic activity, resulting in difficult choices for their annual budget. The two choices every state faced was to either cut their spending on programs or raise revenue from existing sources (through higher tax rates). There was one possible alternative to those tough choices, which was to search out and recruit businesses to relocate to their state—thus increasing the tax base, employment, income, and economic development. States have been competing with one another, at least anecdotally, in their attempts to recruit relocating businesses. This competition leads to a “race to the bottom,” or states basically giving away many incentives that benefit only a few at the cost of the many taxpayers who already live there. How do these decisions by states affect entrepreneurs and the incentives they now face? This race to the bottom by states opens the door for an increase in unproductive entrepreneurship. Keywords: Entrepreneurship, state economic policy
Geoffrey K. Turnbull, Robert F. Salvino and Michael T. Tasto
Edited by Robert F. Salvino Jr., Michael T. Tasto and Gregory M. Randolph
Examining the economics of entrepreneurship from the perspectives of productive versus unproductive entrepreneurial behavior and the role of institutions in economic outcomes, the authors in this book seek to advance the research on institutions by providing a simple framework to analyze the broader, long-term consequences of economic policies. They examine the relationship between economic freedom and economic outcomes and summarize empirical evidence and theory. The book also provides practical policy solutions that are based on the authors' cogent analyses.
The Impact of Public Policy on Entrepreneurial Outcomes
Edited by Gregory M. Randolph, Michael T. Tasto and Robert F. Salvino Jr.
This exciting book provides fresh insight into how institutions, governments, regulations, economic freedom and morality impact entrepreneurship and public policy. Each chapter contains a rigorous analysis of the consequences of public policy and the effects of institutional decisions on the productivity of entrepreneurs. These chapters will help policymakers direct their efforts at creating a positive economic environment for entrepreneurs to flourish and for scholars to better understand the role policy plays on entrepreneurial activity.