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Nanna Kildal

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Nanna Kildal and Stein Kuhnle

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Nanna Kildal and Even Nilssen

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Edited by Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal and Even Nilssen

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Edited by Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal and Even Nilssen

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Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal and Even Nilssen

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Edited by Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal and Even Nilssen

This book considers the role of international organizations and their promotion of ideas and recommendations in social and health policy. It explores a wide range of organizations, scrutinizing their ideas-based content, their role as policy actors and their impact on national policy.
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Rune Ervik, Nanna Kildal, Stein Kuhnle and Tord Skogedal Lindén

The chapter gives a historical account of the development of the Norwegian welfare state, by delineating the evolvement of the public pension system, and the role of normative ideas of justice and fairness in that process. The authors address the following questions: (1) Which principles of justice influenced the pension discourse historically and how did the discourse contribute to change the public pension institution? (2) How does the recent pension reform (in 2011) embed changes in justice principles? They discuss these questions based on a qualitative historical analysis of local and national public documents and secondary literature. Their historical account shows that the normative principles of universalism, reciprocity and targeting have been important in all phases of the development of the Norwegian pension system. However, the relative importance of these has varied. Moreover, the authors argue that the pension reform implemented in 2011 moves the system towards reciprocity and weakens its universal character.