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Nate Gabriel

This chapter examines the ways in which urban subjectivities emerge through environmental stewardship. Employing Michel Foucault’s notion of governmentality, it examines the fluidity of power relations as everyday citizens internalize, resist, negotiate with, or transcend expert scientific knowledge about urban environments while engaging in environmental stewardship practices. Drawing from research conducted in Philadelphia, PA, it focuses on participants in the city’s ecological restoration program, the tendency of environmental restoration to reinforce a division between natural lands and urban spaces, and the tendency of restoration participants to contest this division. Environmental stewardship, therefore, is theorized as a site of possibility in which performances in and about parks can disrupt or reinforce dominant discourses of urban environmentalism.

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Nate Gabriel and Eric Sarmiento

This chapter explores how analysing the formation of economic assemblages from a Nietzschean/Foucauldian genealogical perspective has allowed diverse economies researchers to account for power in its many forms, without falling victim to the melancholic narrative of capitalist domination that a focus on power too often engenders. The goal of genealogy is to cast the taken-for-granted as contingent, contested, and often fraught with instability. This approach enables other ways of being in the world and a methodology for what Foucault called the ‘ethical cultivation of the self’. Applying these ideas to economic discourse and practice, the authors examine the ways in which a genealogical analytic runs through each of the phases of diverse and community economies research: the deconstruction of the hegemony of capitalism to open up a discursive space for non-capitalisms and facilitate an expanded, differentiated economic imaginary; the cultivation of non-capitalist subjectivities; and the construction of community economies.