This chapter conducts a detailed examination of the effect of EU Sports Law and Policy on the promotion and development of voluntary activity in sport in Europe. Accordingly, the evolution of EU Sports Policy is scrutinised by adopting an analytical lens centred on sports volunteering when discussing the impact of the EU’s supporting, coordinating and supplementing role in this field. In addition to analysis of the effectiveness of this new EU competence for sport, enshrined in Article 6 and Article 165 of the TFEU, the utility of other key documents and policies is also discussed. This includes, the White Paper on Sport 2007, the Commission’s Communication on developing the European Dimension in Sport 2011 and, consecutive Work Plans for Sport (2011–14 and 2014–17). Following this, the chapter critically considers the obstacles, best practice and future challenges likely to be encountered by the EU when exercising its competence in this area.