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Liu Nengye

China is facing serious problems with water and marine pollution. Chinese law is intended to deal with the problem and the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law and Marine Environmental Protection Law were adopted some years ago. However, there are several drawbacks with this current legislation, such as: a lack of coordination between the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Ministry of Water Resources Management; government failure to act in the countryside; and the lack of public participation. It is also noted that the most significant causes of marine pollution are from land-based sources and this pollution is principally carried into the sea. Nevertheless, China established two separate regimes for the prevention and control of water pollution and marine pollution. However, the separation of these two regimes then becomes an obstacle for effective prevention of marine pollution.

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Liu Nengye

China has always seen itself as a developing country. The transfer of funding and technology from developed to developing countries has been China’s key concern in international environmental issues for the past 30 years. China hopes to gain more funding, technology and other capacity building resources from developed countries so as to improve its work on environmental protection. Economic development has been China’s priority for decades. Since it first adopted its market reform and open door policies, China has clearly stated its belief that a good economy provides the foundation for better environmental protection. Although China would like to avoid the western model of “pollution first, restoration later”, it has failed to create a new path to developing the economy while protecting the environment. As the world’s second largest economy, it is time now for China to make a more significant contribution to combating global environmental issues, such as climate change and biodiversity loss.

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Nengye Liu

This chapter examines the current international and regional legal regime for the protection of marine environment from offshore oil and gas activities, including the regimes relating to (prevention, reduction and control of operational and accidental pollution as well as liability and compensation regimes. In particular, the chapter focuses on recent legal developments at the regional level (the Northeast Atlantic, the Arctic and the European Union) since the Deepwater Horizon disaster.

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Nengye Liu and Cassandra M. Brooks

The Polar Regions are in their worst time of climate change and increased human pressures. It is also the best time to develop a governance regime that could finally help humanity achieve sustainable management of fisheries. There are hopes and positive signs, but difficulties and problems also exist. This final chapter predicts future governance of Polar marine living resources in the context of technology development, climate change and a shifting geopolitical landscape.

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Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

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Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

This content is available to you

Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

This content is available to you

Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

This book brings together a number of leading and emerging scholars from across the world, including Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, and the United States, from diverse disciplines such as international law, international relations, political science and marine biology as well as a representative from CCAMLR to examine a number of eminent questions that the Polar Regions are facing regarding conservation of marine living resources. The book focuses on a key theme: how to develop governance regimes in the Polar Regions that effectively reconcile human needs and environmental protection. It aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of Polar governance regimes on marine living resources and shed light on the future.

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Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

Bringing together leading scholars from across a diverse range of disciplines, this unique book examines a key question: How can we best conserve marine living resources in the polar regions, where climate change effects and human activities are particularly pressing?