Higher education in China has experienced dramatic changes in the past thirty years, including massification, marketization and university ranking. Rankings have become more and more relevant and important to Chinese higher education, and have a major impact on the performance of Chinese universities and on quality assurance and accountability. This chapter is divided into three sections. The first section describes Chinese national university rankings and the performance of Chinese universities in those rankings. The second section focuses on global university rankings, particularly on the performance of Chinese universities in global rankings. The third section discusses the impact of university rankings on Chinese higher education, particularly on quality assurance and accountability of Chinese higher education.