Green infrastructure is a concept that continues to evolve, with local factors often being significant in terms of defining the lines of policy and action pursued. This chapter explores this point by focusing on the strategic measures that are being taken by authorities in Cambridge (UK) and Cambridge in the USA (in the state of Massachusetts). In addition to exploring the key agendas being followed, and where these appear in a document and statutory planning sense, the chapter also explores the mechanisms, and the type of outcomes, that can be practised and achieved through strategic development. The chapter does this by exploring two different schemes – a greenfield urban extension (Cambridge, UK) and a large previously developed site (Cambridge, USA).
Danielle Sinnett, Nick Smith and Sarah Burgess
Andy J. Moffat, Danielle Sinnett, Nick Smith and Sarah Burgess
From its origins in nineteenth-century parks green, infrastructure has been an ever-evolving component of cities. This chapter makes some observations based on a number of key trends in society and emerging patterns of green infrastructure provision to make some suggestions for the future. It looks at how our cities and their citizens are changing and the response required if green infrastructure, in terms of its form and function, is to remain relevant. In addition to our cities shaping green infrastructure, it in turn has a fundamental role to play in future-proofing our cities from challenges, such as climate change, and threats to natural ecosystems and their services on which our health and well-being depend. The management of green infrastructure is also likely to evolve the future, particularly in times of austerity, and require ever greater degrees of collaboration between professions and sectors. However, the future, it is argued, also holds new opportunities for green infrastructure, for example, in terms of new technologies to improve is delivery, streamline its management and monitoring, and facilitate community involvement. What is clear is that green infrastructure will need to be a flexible and dynamic resource that is capable of adapting to cities of the future.