Research on Big Science and Research Infrastructures is scattered across different disciplines and the methods used to study these facilities are highly heterogeneous. The chapter sets out to provide an overview of the literature on the topic as well as historical and current ways methods are employed to study Big Science and Research Infrastructures. This includes both qualitative and quantitative methods. The chapter is structured along the dimensions of methods of data collection vis-à-vis strategies for data analysis, followed by a discussion of the blind spots in the literature. The chapter argues that innovative combinations and triangulations of different methods may yield additional insights to our arsenal of knowledge and help to develop new trajectories to close existing research gaps and counterbalance shortcomings in future scientific investigations.
Tim Flink and Nicolas Rüffin
We are witnessing a rising interest in the concept of science diplomacy across the globe. The chapter sheds light on the origins of the term, introduces prevalent definitions, and identifies four driving forces which push the development of science diplomacy. Subsequently, we highlight the similarities and differences of activities in France, Germany, the UK, the USA, and by the European Commission. With no common denominator of science diplomacy, several understandings of the concept exist in parallel within and across countries. Lastly, we focus our attention on prospects and challenges for science diplomacy.