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Tina Gruber-Muecke and Norbert Kailer

In this study, we add the concept of Junior Entrepreneurship to the Entrepreneurship Education debate and investigate empirically how Junior Enterprises are related to the process of entrepreneurial competence development. We argue that this analysis is the missing piece in the debate on the impact of Entrepreneurship Education. We draw on the developmental network perspective to propose that competence development among Junior Enterprise members is influenced by both active and former Junior Enterprise members. By using empirical data from a European survey, we analyse how the cognitive, functional and behaviour-related competencies of Junior Entrepreneurs are linked to their entrepreneurial intention. Overall, our study repudiates the traditional mentoring perspective in favour of the developmental network perspective. Our results support the hypotheses that certain activities carried out in developmental networks such as Junior Enterprises influence individual competencies and thereby entrepreneurial intention but also underline the significant differences in the effect of different types of activities. Key words: Junior Enterprise, developmental networks, competence development, entrepreneurial intention

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Christine Blanka, David Rückel, Stefan Koch and Norbert Kailer

The purpose of this chapter is to gain insights on individual intrapreneurial orientation and hence examine the intrapreneurial potential resting in IT students, as they are prime possible future technology intrapreneurs by their education. Technopreneurship has gained in importance, but due to its focus on independent technology entrepreneurs, research overlooks the value of intrapreneurial employees. An online survey was conducted, and hypotheses referring to intrapreneurial orientation and personal initiative were tested on a sample of IT students in Austria. Results reveal interesting findings concerning IT students’ intrapreneurial orientation and highlight their potential as future technology intrapreneurs. By investigating intrapreneurial orientation, the research offers a holistic view on possible entrepreneurial behaviour and underlines the relevance of intrapreneurial potential already resting in students. In addition, by combining the technological and intrapreneurship contexts, interesting insights on IT students as future technology intrapreneurs are provided.