Hong Kong is regarded as an international city with a high level of female labor force participation, approximately 55 percent in recent years. Yet Hong Kong is not actively addressing work–family interface issues. This chapter begins with a brief description of the Chinese cultural context of Hong Kong, and conceptualization of work–family interface and family-friendly employment policies and practices (FEPPs). An overview of FEPPs and their benefits will then be provided. In addition, a review on research on FEPPs in Hong Kong will follow. Implications of research findings for the work–family interface at societal, organizational, family, and individual levels will also be provided in this chapter.
Carolyn Timms, Paula Brough, Oi-Ling Siu, Michael O’Driscoll and Thomas Kalliath
In this chapter we describe some of our recent work–life balance research conducted between regional groups within the Asia-Pacific area. The research component of this chapter explores the applicability, testing and extension of theories of organizational behaviour from Western to non-Western contexts. More specifically, we explore the relevance of the work–life balance construct to workers and societies who may have different competing priorities. In this chapter we first discuss the numerous definitions and measures of the work–life balance construct. We present data from some of our recent research testing a new measure of work–life balance amongst 11 421 workers sampled from China, Hong Kong, New Zealand and Australia. We then discuss the rise of industry and rapid social change in China, which may influence interpretations of work behaviour. Finally, we return to a more general examination of key issues in regard to modern technology and its potential for encroachment on work–life boundaries. In particular we examine the emerging cross-cultural research in this area.