This chapter explores dynamics of regional migration governance within the former Soviet Union. It examines relevant processes of inter-state cooperation and regional integration leading to the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). It argues that the EAEU Treaty has constituted a new supranational model of interaction between several states of the post-Soviet region with unprecedented consequences for regional migration governance: it has provided conditions for basically unlimited labour migration of EAEU member states’ citizens within the Union and has abolished important organizational boundaries in member states’ welfare systems. The chapter identifies certain parallels with the European Union (EU) and discusses whether migration governance within the EAEU borrows from EU experience. Finally, the chapter argues that migration governance within the EAEU cannot be equated with migration governance at the regional scale comprising the Eurasian migration system. Instead, the EAEU creates one of several partially overlapping sub-regional migration governance regimes within the post-Soviet space.
Andrey Leonov and Oleg Korneev
Oleg Korneev and Karolina Kluczewska
This chapter looks at the role of the globalised third sector in migration governance, and presents major theoretical and empirical contributions focusing on different aspects of the third sector’s, often ambiguous, role in migration politics and policy. It starts with a discussion on the third sector’s growing involvement in the migration field, then proceeds with an analysis of the third sector as new governors aspiring to shape migration regimes regionally and globally. The chapter uncovers complex patterns of interactions between the third sector and other actors in global migration governance, paying attention to aspects such as financial dependence of the third sector on donors, subordinated politics and competition for funding and prestige. The picture that emerges from this chapter indicates that the third sector is far from being and acting as a unified actor in migration governance.