Productivity in agriculture has been one of the main challenges to economic growth. Since climate change disproportionately affects agriculture and the rural poor, a new set of challenges is emerging. Institutions will influence the economic impact of these changes, but they themselves may be shaped in response. Therefore, institutional analysis is vital for policy design and a better understanding of these pressing global issues. Additionally, the particular nature of agriculture and agricultural organization presents an especially vibrant area to study the interaction between institutions, economic growth and climate change.