Pawan S. Budhwar
Pawan Budhwar and Kamel Mellahi
This chapter considers the impact on human resource management (HRM) of the major socio-political, economic, and security-related developments that have taken place in the Middle East and which are still unfolding. Particular attention is paid to the dominance of the Arab culture and of Islam in the region, whereby HRM systems are strongly governed by these principles. The authors contend that due to significant differences between the Middle East and other parts of the world (the ‘West’, in particular), foreign elements of management tend to be, at best, not conducive to the development of sound HRM practices in the region. They also caution that apparent similarities across the region are masking deep-set differences between nations.