Marke Kivijärvi, Tommi Laukkanen and Pedro Cruz
Anabela Salgueiro Narciso Ribeiro, Fernando Brandão Alves, Ana Maria César Bastos Silva, Sara Santos Cruz, Inês Cunha and João Pedro Martins
The promotion of sustainable cities is on the world agenda and there is an increasing need to cultivate social sustainability for the well-being of its inhabitants. Mobility plays an essential role in this well-being and some groups, such as the elderly, are predominantly vulnerable. Historical urban areas reveal some restrictions in terms of pedestrian mobility and are less accessible by public transport. For the identification of which are the main restrictions faced by the elderly in these areas (both residents and tourists), surveys were carried out in two Portuguese historical centres cities (Lisbon and Porto). Then, a set of factors, either as barriers or as motivators, either for walking or using public transport, have been identified. This type of information is essential for planning and managing more inclusive cities in the future.