Edited by Roberta Capello and Peter Nijkamp
Roberta Capello and Peter Nijkamp
The space-economy has never been static, but has always shown a state of flux. Regions are normally in transition; they are work in progress. As a consequence, we observe a complex evolution of regional systems that varies between growth and decline. Static location and allocation theories may be helpful in understanding underlying structures in regional economies, but do not offer a full-scale picture of the development of multi-actor processes and of the perpetual or temporal impediments for regional growth and prosperity. The conceptualization and solid explanation of regional growth, and differences therein, is still largely a mystery for the research community in many countries. There is no uniform panacea for enhancing or accelerating the development trajectory of regions in a national or supranational economy. Therefore, regional policy is still in many cases a black box; the outcomes of intensified regional growth strategies are often largely unpredictable. Best guesses are more common than testable and operational estimates of policy impacts. Against the above-mentioned backgrounds, the editors of the Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories published a decade ago a comprehensive volume with a rich collection of advanced contributions on the above challenges in regional economics and regional science. In the ten years since then the world, both the empirical regional world and the theoretical and empirical reflection on growth and development issues, has not come to a standstill. We have become sadder and wiser after economic crises, regional fragmentation trends, the introduction of radical technological innovation, and the awareness of failures of regional policy. However, we have also enriched our knowledge horizon, with new insights and new methods and theories of regional analysis. The time has now come to take a refreshing and new look at the achievements of regional growth and development theories.
Manfred M. Fischer and Peter Nijkamp
This chapter offers a review on modern entrepreneurship analysis, against the background of regional development. Regions with an entrepreneurial culture tend to be forerunners in a competitive economic process. After a conceptual discussion on the importance and the measurement of entrepreneurship, the contribution discusses critical success factors and key determinants of entrepreneurship. Next, a great deal of focus is laid on the geography of entrepreneurship as well as on industrial agglomeration, while due attention is also paid to the relevance of networks for modern entrepreneurship. The chapter concludes with some retrospective and prospective remarks.
Amitrajeet A. Batabyal and Peter Nijkamp
An increasing amount of research is now being conducted on topics at the interface of regional science and the environment. This research is both theoretical and empirical and its general goal is to study the numerous environmental implications of problems in regional science. Given the increasing interest in research in the above-mentioned topics, there now exists a substantial literature on regional science and the environment. Therefore, our objective in this chapter is to review the principal themes in this sizable literature. Specifically, we focus on five key issues: regional economic development, natural resources, environmental regulation, geographic information systems and regional climate change. Our review is both retrospective and prospective. We discuss what has been achieved thus far and the likely future directions of research on regional science and the environment.