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Bob Doherty and Pichawadee Kittipanya-ngam

Despite smallholder farmers playing an important role in global food production, the value retained by smallholders in agri-food supply chains has declined over the last 20 years. This chapter makes a new contribution to the inclusive value chain literature by showing that hybrid business models in the form of social enterprise provide novel approaches to profit distribution, power and governance and entrepreneurship to deliver development goals for smallholder farmers. Hybrids are able to support smallholders in accessing both credit and premium market segments coupled with addressing power imbalances and quality requirements in value chains.