China is a country with a history of religious belief and freedom of religion is protected in the Chinese Constitution as a basic right. However, the actual practice of religious belief can be subject to control by the State. The Chinese Communist Party’s authority in formulating Chinese religious policies determines the Chinese government’s attitude towards religion and religious activities. China has gone through several stages in implementing its religious policies and law, and in order to maintain its control over religious affairs, it has developed a set of rules to manage religion and religious affairs. With changing circumstances internationally and domestically, China itself is also making policy and legal adjustments to respond to these changes. This chapter discusses the recent policy and legal changes that China has made and contemplates the trend in administering religion and religious affairs in China in future.
Ping Xiong and Philip Griffith
The development of laws concerning the protection of trade secrets in China is a reflection of the ongoing needs and demands of the great changes in the Chinese economy. This paper offers a historical overview of the development of trade secret protection laws in China and examines how the changes in the concept of property ownership in China at different stages, the Chinese Law Against Unfair Competition and the influence of foreign sources, especially the TRIPS Agreement and the US trade secrets law, shaped the development of trade secrets protection in China. The paper proffers some observations upon the uncertain distinction between secrets seen as state property and the recognition of private civil commercial trade secrets.