The European Union and Japan made effort to expand their cooperation in the second half of the twentieth century. However, their endeavours to develop the mutual relations into a more substantive and strategic cooperation did not substantiate up until two decades ago. The EU–Japanese case of strategic partnership is an interesting example of a pragmatic and genuinely goal-oriented cooperation between two high-profile regional but also international actors. The catalogue of cooperation goals and domains between the EU and Japan is relatively extensive, with economic links, information technologies and science-related cooperation representing the most salient ones. This chapter explores numerous examples and instances of this result-oriented strategic cooperation.