In the China Copyright Law, the provisions on both copyright owners and broadcasters use the term ‘retransmission’ without definition. Controversies arise on whether the term could cover all types of new ways of communication. This chapter argues that based on the Berne Convention, the term ‘communication by wire or by rebroadcasting’ in the provision on the ‘right of broadcasting’ in the China Copyright Law should cover retransmission not only by wire but also by wireless means. Since the same term should have the same meaning in the same article of a law, the term ‘wire’ in the provision of ‘right of broadcasting’ and ‘right of communication through information network’ should have the same meaning to cover retransmission by the internet. The right of retransmission granted by the China Copyright Law to broadcasters is intended to cover traditional wireless retransmission and cable retransmission. It is not well grounded to extend the scope of the term ‘retransmission’ in the provision of the right of broadcasters to cover retransmission by the internet due to the lack of a new international treaty granting stronger protection to broadcasters and because of the controversies on this issue in the international community. Keywords: right of broadcasting, right of broadcasting organization, right of rebroadcasting, retransmission by the internet
Qian Zhang and Xiaoyi Wang
The emergence of labour migration is largely a result of the global outsourcing of labour-intensive industries to China, China’s own positioning in the global production network and the new international divisions of labour. The contribution of migration to the welfare of rural migrants and to the development of rural areas is still contested. Inequality towards rural migrants stems not only from the global economy but also fundamentally from a national institutional structure – the hukou system. China’s international migration has increased in volume, diversity, geographical scope and overall complexity. China’s increasing investment abroad is also likely to impact the direction of migration flows. The interconnectedness between internal and international migration is increasing as a result of urbanisation and global integration. The new reality tests the wisdom of policymakers to manage ordered population flows while creating a socially just society. It also demands that scholars link internal and international migration in future research.
Qian Wang and Ping Yan
The concept of responsible innovation (RI) has been of growing interest to international academia in recent years. The use of the theory and approach of RI to conduct research into the construction of ports has both theoretical importance and practical significance in China. This chapter analyses the activities of the port of Dalian in terms of RI, and argues that the focus on environmental protection and corporate social responsibility of the port are consistent with the underlying ideas of RI. Through case study methodology, two typical cases of RI of the port of Dalian are described and analysed. The authors conclude that the implication of RI in the port of Dalian begins by verifying whether the construction of the port corresponds to the idea of RI within a government-orientated mode of RI on the basis of the autonomy of the port and the negotiation of multiple stakeholders. Finally, the chapter discusses the general significance of this mode of RI to the construction of ports in China.