We describe a taxonomy of diverse types of workplace behaviours that contribute to, or detract from, environmental sustainability goals in organisational settings. The Green Five taxonomy was developed using critical incidents methodology and includes five major content-based meta-categories of employee green behaviours (EGBs): Transforming, Avoiding Harm, Conserving, Influencing Others, and Taking Initiative. We discuss the behavioural and psychological meanings of these meta-categories, as well as their sub-categories. We also highlight key features of the Green Five taxonomy (e.g., it is content-based, it incorporates both positive and negative behaviours, it integrates with general models of job performance). Finally, we review existing measures of employee green behaviours in terms of their coverage of the employee green behaviour construct domain, and identify future directions for research and applications.
Deniz S. Ones, Brenton M. Wiernik, Stephan Dilchert and Rachael M. Klein
Brenton M. Wiernik, Deniz S. Ones, Stephan Dilchert and Rachael M. Klein
This chapter reviews research on the individual antecedents of pro-environmental behaviours and discusses implications of these antecedents for understanding, predicting, and managing employee green behaviours. We review meta-analytic findings on the contributions of environmental awareness/knowledge, environmental attitudes, stable individual differences, demographic characteristics, and interventions on individual pro-environmental behaviour. We also review recent primary studies examining the impact of these antecedents on employee green behaviours in the workplace. Throughout the chapter, we consider the implications of research findings for improving employee environmental performance using human resource management.