Joan Trullén and Rafael Boix
Joan Trullén, Rafael Boix and Vittorio Galletto
Rafael Boix Domènech, Luciana Lazzeretti and Daniel Sánchez Serra
This work explores the relationship between the specialization in creative industries and the entrepreneurship rates and characteristics in a large sample of developing and developed countries. There is partial evidence about the positive effects of creativity on entrepreneurship in developed countries, although this relationship has hardly been studied for developing countries, and the results for both types of countries have not been compared. The current analysis is possible due to the elaboration of a new database crossing registers from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), Eurostat, World Bank, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Orbis and country reports, and includes 81 countries covering Europe, Asia, America, Africa and Oceania. Culture-based and intellectual property-based definitions of the creative industries are used in order to assess whether the effects on entrepreneurship are due to core creative competences or to the effect of the enhanced creative system. This offers a new perspective on the indirect effects of creative industries in the whole economy through entrepreneurship.