This chapter examines the concept of the everyday state in two main contexts. First, it discusses how the state is imbricated in our everyday lives as citizens in numerous ways: (1) through the implementation of state policies, (2) through state ideologies, which help to shape the way in which we understand and act in the world, and (3) through various state-related infrastructures. Second, it discusses the everyday qualities of the state with respect to the everyday practice of governance by individuals and groups. Often labelled as anthropological understandings of the state, this body of research examines how states do not exist purely at an abstract level. Rather, they come into being through the everyday and embodied practices of state personnel and citizens alike. The chapter concludes by teasing out some of the connections between these two ways of conceptualizing the everyday state.
In this chapter, I examine the connections between regions and cultural representation. My overall aim is to demonstrate the tensions that can exist between more cultural, and more economic or political forms of regionalism. Drawing on ongoing fieldwork conducted within the region of Wales in the UK, I problematise the conception of cultural regionalism and show that it is far from being a unitary or homogeneous thing, with many different cultural regions existing or being promoted. I contend that the relationship between politically or territorially defined regions and more culturally defined regions is complex. They are, undoubtedly, sometimes in conflict with one another but, at certain times, they can complement and reinforce one another. I conclude the chapter by discussing some of the potential challenges facing cultural regions and potential ways of addressing them.