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Andrew B. Trigg and Ricardo Azevedo Araujo

With this inquiry, we seek to develop a multi-sectoral version of the static Harrod foreign trade multiplier, by showing that it can be derived from an extended version of the Pasinettian model of structural change and international trade. This new version highlights the connections between the balance of payments and levels of employment and production. It is also shown that from this disaggregated version of the Harrod foreign trade multiplier we can derive an aggregate version of the multiplier. By following this approach we go a step further in establishing the connections between the structural economic dynamic and the balance-of-payments-constrained-growth approaches.

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Julio Fernando Costa Santos and Ricardo Azevedo Araujo

There is a growing empirical literature that seeks to determine country growth and demand. One possible shortcoming of those studies is their sensitivity to the estimation strategy, which is linked to the time horizon. A profit-led regime has been found to be the most likely outcome when adopting an aggregative approach, while a wage-led regime is the most likely outcome when utilizing a structural estimation. Another potential weakness is that the empirical approaches adopted are mostly linear. To overcome these criticisms, we adopt wavelet analysis, which allows the decomposition of a time series into short- and long-term components, thereby enabling investigation of whether the growth regime switches over time. This paper tests an extended version of the Goodwin model for the US economy using data from 1967 to 2016. The results show that both the growth and demand regimes are sensitive to time and are profit-led in the short term and wage-led in the long term, thereby confirming insight.

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Ricardo Azevedo Araujo, Joanílio Rodolpho Teixeira and Cristiane Soares

In this paper, we study the Brazilian growth experience after trade liberalization by testing both the export-led growth (ELG) and the growth-led exports (GLE) hypotheses through econometric tests between exports and gross domestic output (GDP). Although the paper provides further evidence that after openness neither ELG nor GLE hypotheses can satisfactorily explain the Brazilian growth experience, when disaggregated data is adopted it is possible to identify some sectors such as intermediate goods, commodities, and manufactured products whose performance is strongly correlated with real GDP. These results suggest that a disaggregated approach enhances our understanding of the Brazilian growth experience after trade liberalization.