This chapter discusses the nature and significance of kinship and community networks for the nature, structure and dynamics of labour, work and employment. It uses the lens of migration to explore these issues. Migration is but one of a number of arenas through which the importance of kinship and community networks to labour, work and employment dynamics can be explored. Our focus on migration reflects its historical and contemporary importance to debates around kinship and community networks. The key argument advanced in this chapter is that in the face of constrained opportunities existing in local labour markets, kinship and community networks can be used as mechanisms that may offer a means to improve the experience of migrants, on one hand, and as resources necessary to sustain diverse social activities on the other.