In this chapter, we address the relationship between the evolutionary process of cluster development and the strategies used by cluster project managers. The determinants of the relationship between a cluster project’s life-cycle stage and the network steering strategies applied are examined. Both the regions and the firms participating in regional cluster projects are different, and one should not expect to find a single approach to cluster project management equally applicable in every context. However, does this mean that everything relating to cluster project management is unique and local? Here we ask what characterizes the relationship between a cluster project’s life cycle and the network steering strategies applied.
Jens Kristian Fosse and Roger Normann
Roger Normann and Hans Chr Garmann Johnsen
Roger Normann, Sissel Strickert and Jon P. Knudsen
In this chapter, we discuss some of the key distinguishing features of regional governance in the Agder region, Southern Norway, for stimulating innovation, growth and productivity gains. In the EU, regional innovation policies have become almost synonymous with Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3). At the outset, Norway and Norwegian regions had a solid foundation for implementing RIS3 and it would not have been a surprise if Norway had become one of the frontrunners in implementing RIS3 as well. This, however, did not happen. The Norwegian responses were uncoordinated at the national level and fragmented at the regional level. In this chapter, we examine why this was the case through an in-depth examination of the Agder region.