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Joan Martínez-Alier and Roldan Muradian

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Joan Martínez-Alier and Roldan Muradian

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Edited by Joan Martínez-Alier and Roldan Muradian

This Handbook provides an overview of major current debates, trends and perspectives in ecological economics. It covers a wide range of issues, such as the foundations of ecological economics, deliberative methods, the de-growth movement, ecological macroeconomics, social metabolism, environmental governance, consumer studies, knowledge systems and new experimental approaches. Written by leading authors in their respective areas of specialisation, the contributions systematize the “state of the art” in the selected topics, and draw insights about new knowledge frontiers.
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Jos Bijman, Roldan Muradian and Jur Schuurman

This synthesis chapter discusses the issues that are at the core of the academic discourse on the transformation of cooperatives in developing countries. The first is about inclusion or exclusion of particular groups of farmers. This issue has gained significance because cooperatives-as-businesses are more likely to be selective in allowing farmers to become members. The second issue relates to the inherent tensions in cooperatives and how these are affected by the transformation process. For instance, the classical trade-off between equity and efficiency seems to become more pronounced when cooperatives focus on economic functions and entrepreneurial activities. The third issue is about the institutional environment of the cooperative and what conditions determine the type and extent of support from governments, NGOs and other facilitating organizations. The chapter ends with suggestions for further research on cooperatives and POs in developing countries.

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Edited by Jos Bijman, Roldan Muradian and Jur Schuurman

Agricultural cooperatives and producer organizations are institutional innovations which have the potential to reduce poverty and improve food security. This book presents a raft of international case studies, from developing and transition countries, to analyse the internal and external challenges that these complex organizations face and the solutions that they have developed. The contributors provide a greater understanding of the transformation of traditional community organizations into modern farmer-owned businesses. They cover issues including: the impact on rural development and inclusiveness, the role of social capital, formal versus informal organizations, democratic participation and member relations, and their role in value chains.
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Luis C. Rodriguez, Unai Pascual and Roldan Muradian

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Annemarie Groot Kormelinck, Christine Plaisier, Roldan Muradian and Ruerd Ruben

Given the increasing importance that is attributed to social capital in cooperative-type organizations, we test the hypothesis that members of high-performance cooperatives exhibit higher levels of social capital (as measured by interpersonal and institutional trust) compared to members of low-performance cooperatives. A field survey and three behavioural games were undertaken amongst members of two high- and two low-performance primary marketing coffee cooperatives in the Sidama region in Ethiopia. We find evidence supporting our hypothesis, with members of high-performance cooperatives exhibiting significant higher levels of institutional trust (stated trust and cooperativeness), and interpersonal trust (behavioural trust and trustworthiness) than members in low-performance cooperatives. Furthermore, gender comparisons show that female members have a higher propensity to adopt pro-social behaviour than their male counterparts, in experimental settings. Since the income of members of high-performance cooperatives is considerably higher than the income of their peers in low-performance cooperatives, we conceptualize a relation between social capital, cooperative performance and members’ income as a loop, with feedbacks occurring between these components.

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Unai Pascual, Roldan Muradian, Luis C. Rodriguez and Anantha K. Duraiappah

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Luis C. Rodriguez, Unai Pascual, Roldan Muradian, Nathalie Pazmino and Stuart Whitten

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Emilie Coudel, Joice Ferreira, Maurício de Carvalho Amazonas, Ludivine Eloy, Marcelo Hercowitz, Luciano Mattos, Peter May, Roldan Muradian, Marie-Gabrielle Piketty and Fabiano Toni