Rosário Macário, Hilde Meersman and Eddy van de Voorde
Transport is a major contributor to the European economy, accounting for 4.8 per cent of gross value added across the 28 EU countries (€548 bn) and 11 million jobs (UK included). Transport is fundamental for development at all scales of human life – local, rural, urban, metropolitan, regional, national, large-scale, and global. Many challenges exist that must be addressed by transport policy, from use of new intelligent technology to the need to promote a more inclusive society. These issues are complex, involving multiple and often competing interests. Mobility is an important way to provide accessibility, which supports economic development and social inclusion, but other contributors are also important, such as activity locations, land use policy and also energy, safety and security, etc. European transport policy is currently driven by a small number of long-term macro objectives: an inclusive society; connectivity of the different transport networks; and resilience of the transport systems to ensure sustainable cities and territories. This chapter addresses the main challenges faced by this sector while pursuing those objectives.
David A. Hensher, Camila Balbontin, Chinh Q. Ho, Corinne Mulley, Rosário Macário and Anson Stewart
This chapter builds on research from Australia, published in 2015, extended by the results of a stated choice experiment in a number of countries (USA, France, Portugal, UK, in 2015) to investigate the drivers of community preferences for bus rapid transit (BRT) and light rail transit (LRT) and whether there exist country-specific modal preferences. Each choice scenario is conditioned on a given route length for new infrastructure but with different costs, reflecting different modal investment options for the same route length. It is important to identify the nature of the preference differences since this can be used to show how to target citizens to buy in to the choice of LRT or BRT in a particular setting. The chapter uses a community preference framework to show potential gains in public support for BRT over LRT through scenario analysis on attributes assessed in the choice games, together with voter experience with specific modes and socio-economic profiles.