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Sadaat Ali Yawar and Stefan Seuring

The social dimension of sustainable development is gaining importance in the sustainability debate. Managing social issues in supply chains improves the economic as well as sustainability performance of the buyers and suppliers. The aim of this chapter is to explain the management of social issues by taking into account the topics that intersect social issues, responsible supply chain actions in relation to corporate social responsibility (CSR), and its impact on the performance outcomes. In doing so, a number of social issues and their related responsible supply chain actions that are required to manage these social issues are identified. Simultaneously, implications on the performance of buyers and suppliers are also elaborated. The identified social issues vary from labour issues to human rights, which affect not only the firms but also society in general. Similarly, to manage the social issues firms adopt responsible supply chain actions ranging from communication and compliance to supply development strategies. A detail account of each of these is provided in this chapter. This chapter contributes to the understanding of managing social issues in supply chains by linking social issues, responsible supply chain actions and performance outcomes. It presents a consolidated view of the research pertaining to the management of social issues in supply chains and provides an overarching conceptual framework.

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Mervi Rajahonka, Anu Bask, Sadaat Ali Yawar and Markku Tinnilä

In this chapter, we discuss a novel approach, the Physical Internet (PI) that could promote greener transport and circular economies (CE) by promoting innovative resource-efficient logistics systems. The increased use of information and communication technology (ICT) to support logistics solutions will make it much easier to implement environmentally sustainable logistics in the future. Some practical experiments in horizontal cooperation and information sharing in logistics, which greatly support sustainable development, already exist. In addition, several theoretical approaches rooted in the use of advanced ICT solutions have been developed with the aim of creating more sustainable logistics systems. One of these approaches is the Physical Internet Initiative, which has received a lot of interest in the European Union lately. In this chapter, we will describe PI and how it could boost new business models, while enhancing greener transports and CE. The objective of PI is to build an internet for logistics, and to reform manufacturing and logistics networks into a resource-efficient and environmentally sustainable system. In this chapter, we will focus on a discussion on moving physical objects. The chapter starts with an introduction and outline of the literature and history of the concept of PI. It proceeds to describe a layered structure of PI and presents a new model for analysing the PI system, which we envision as an emerging logistical ecosystem spanning multiple industries. We present examples of the emerging business opportunities of PI. Finally, discussion and conclusions are provided.