Challenges and Opportunities
Ulla Kinnunen, Johanna Rantanen and Saija Mauno
Saija Mauno, Ulla Kinnunen, Anne Mäkikangas and Taru Feldt
Saija Mauno, Ulla Kinnunen, Johanna Rantanen and Anne Mäkikangas
In this chapter, we review previous quantitative studies, which have focused on family-related outcomes of atypical work arrangements, including non-standard working hours and temporary work. Altogether, it seems that non-standard working hours have more often received research attention than temporary work, as far as family-related outcomes are concerned. Specifically, the results of our review reveal that non-standard working hours do not inevitably result in negative family-related outcomes, for example, work–family conflict, marital instability, children’s socio-emotional or cognitive problems. However, there are certain risk factors, such as night shifts, small children at home, which might increase the likelihood for negative family-related outcomes. Thus far, published studies on the effects of temporary work arrangements on family-related outcomes are rare. Moreover, these earlier findings are inconclusive, with only some evidence for the detrimental effects of temporary work on family-related effects, for example, work–family conflict, work–family enrichment. On the basis of our findings, we also suggest an integrative model for future research and present some of the implications for policy makers and organizations.