This chapter highlights the constitutive relationship between gender as an analytical category and global restructuring, by exploring the experiences of women workers employed in export-oriented factories. It examines how enduring export-oriented development strategies have generated movements and migrations of primarily rural women to take up factory employment, within a policy context where temporary migration is touted as the panacea for poverty alleviation. The chapter extends this literature by arguing that we must move beyond nation-state-bound studies of rural-urban migration, or temporary international labour migration, to consider the movements of people through displacement and the creation of border towns and refugee camps. These spaces are regarded as sites where development problems such as unemployment are replicated in circumstances of extreme precariousness and insecurity, including protracted conflicts, but where state-led development strategies may exclude non-citizens. These situations have particular gendered impacts and consequences.