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Alejandro Álvarez and Sandra Martínez

In the chapter, 'The Mexican economy in 2014: between the crisis, free trade, social devastation and labor precarization,' the authors delineate two central arguments. First, the effects of prolonged application of neoliberal formulas in public policies and second, the impact on workers' wages of labor and working conditions of developed and developing economies. These issues are discussed by the authors in light of the various trade agreements promoted by the USA and Mexico after the 2008 crisis that served the USA in regaining its hegemony and the links to the Mexican social conditions, highlighting the social devastation that has been taken place in recent years. The authors give particular attention to the multi-regional integration that deepens the free trade programs by means of various legal and political instruments: the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA).

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Lourdes Susaeta, Paula Apascaritei, Esperanza Suárez Ruz, Isis Gutiérrez-Martínez, Sandra Idrovo Carlier and José Ramón Pin Arboledas

In this chapter, we analyze the relationship between the phenomenon of adultism, as one possible factor in youth discrimination, and its effect on youth unemployment. Our review is a cross-country comparative study of Mexico, Colombia and Spain. This chapter provides explanations and analyzes differences in youth unemployment in terms of educational attainment and experience, as well as country-level economic conditions. Firms and policy makers will face the challenge of optimally managing the diverse population predicted to be active in the labor market in future years and the related challenge of avoiding ageism in the workforce.