This chapter reviews family firm (FF) studies in the business and management literature, aiming to explore and outline the state of the art with regards to women’s involvement in family businesses. Through a structured literature review the authors analyzed 81 academic contributions in 2000-2017 and categorized them based on year, authors’ and research location, academic journal of publication, methodological approach, and impact. Three main results emerged. First, the study demonstrates that publications on women in family businesses more than tripled from the first nine-year phase to the second nine-year phase. Second, while academics from North America dominated early research in the 1990s, since 2000 an increasing and relevant contribution has come from European researchers. Third, concerning the topics being addressed, four main themes were identified: women in FFs; succession; women-owned FFs and female entrepreneurship; and copreneurial ventures.