Behavioral policymaking views both policymakers and policytakers as boundedly rational agents who use heuristics. Therefore, understanding heuristic decision-making provides behavioral insights for the design and implementation of policies. Literature on bounded rationality in politics is closely connected to the study of heuristics in psychology, studied either in association with cognitive biases that limit the ability to fully account for information, or alternatively as simple but effective strategies in the absence of or without considering complete information. I argue that economists are now equal partners with psychologists in behavioral policymaking, provide a review of select work on the relationships between bounded rationality and political decision-making, and sketch some requirements for a theory of bounded rationality that can incorporate real-world irreducible uncertainty and the heuristic nature of decision-making. The future of macroeconomics – one that could effectively partner behavioral policymaking – emerges from platforms, such as BEFAIRLY, where academia interacts with government and industry.
Barbara Alemanni and Shabnam Mousavi
Financial literacy programs and policies focus mainly on providing information on financial products to help people make better decisions. We argue that the same information, however accessible, can be interpreted—and therefore acted upon—quite differently. The source of such differences is the culture of a society. Financial education policies can benefit from incorporating measures of cultural aspects into their approach.