This chapter surveys the scholarly feminist literature with a view to situating postcolonial feminism, and the significance of a postcolonial feminist study of the international political economy. It discusses some of the similarities and differences across feminist theories such as liberal, materialist, critical race and women of color and postmodern feminism. Key contributions of feminist scholars and works are referenced and discussed. The chapter addresses the ways postcolonial feminism has been informed by debates in feminist theory, and how it engages with and is situated in relation to these other perspectives. The chapter suggests that postcolonial feminism draws attention to overlooked sites of marginality and hierarchy in the global economy and enables a decolonial and anti-colonial stance that inscribes and narrates the margins distinct from other critical feminist perspectives. In so doing, the chapter argues, postcolonial feminism centers gendered, sexualized, classed and racialized oppression and exploitation while resisting neoliberalism’s staging of the redemptive narratives of capitalism and liberal democracy. The chapter explores further the vulnerabilities of postcolonial feminism to critiques that it minimizes the deeper structural implications of marginality and asymmetry because of its postmodern roots and orientation and responds to that critique.