This chapter first reviews the proliferating literature on the thesis of the right to the city and sketches out its theoretical contour. It then moves to a brief review of studies which use the notion of the right to the city for understanding grassroots urban activisms in a global context. Finally, this chapter applies the framework of the right to the city to evaluate the recent status and progress of grassroots activism of rural migrants. We argue that, because migrant organizations are seriously co-opted by state authority, they are still far removed from the ideal of struggling for the right to the city. Nevertheless, drawing from a migrant NGO in Beijing, we suggest that grassroots activism contributes to a nascent struggle for the right to the city, characterized by the collective identity of a new working class, and consciousness of the subsumption of lived experiences by the logic of capital.
Zhao Zhang and Shenjing He
In this chapter an all-encompassing approach is employed to provide an updated understanding of gentrification-induced displacement. After decades of theoretical exploration, gentrification-induced displacement is no longer treated purely as a side effect of gentrification in Euro-American cities, it is now seen to be a planetary process. The chapter looks at the shared global political economy behind this controversial form of socio-spatial transformation, but also its contextual factors, including countries’ institutional and economic frameworks. In addition, the shape, scale, form, and speed of gentrification-induced displacement is discussed, plus resistance to displacement. Institutionally constraining land and housing price speculation is put forward as one way of dealing with displacement, for example, taxation on land/housing speculation through legislation or intervening in speculation on state-owned land.