This chapter builds on the already existing crossovers between International Development and International Political Economy literatures to show how a gendered lens is important to and constitutive of both. We cannot therefore understand, analyse and theorise International Political Economy without addressing issues of development that have been entangled with the unfolding of global capitalism in the contemporary era. In the chapter the author maps the debates that have been foundational to the gendered analyses of development. The evidence provided suggests that although there has been some improvement in the lives of poor women, the logic of rational distribution of resources (rather than equitable or fair), skill development (as opposed to human freedom) and institutional mainstreaming (rather than institutional transformation) continue to predominate policy circles at the national and international levels. The struggles for gender justice and equality, the chapter concludes, need to continue; an engagement with the debates discussed in this chapter reflect as well as shape these struggles.