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Shubha Ghosh

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Shubha Ghosh

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Shubha Ghosh

The Bayh-Dole Act amended the Patent Act to facilitate patent ownership and commercialization by recipients of federal grants. Some jurisdictions have debated enacting legislation modeled on the Bayh-Dole Act but expanded to include intellectual property in addition to patents. South Africa has enacted such legislation. This Chapter examines how some universities in the United States have implemented commercialization policies beyond patents, implicitly expanding upon the mandate of the Bayh-Dole Act. The focus is on university intellectual property policies and litigation involving university owned copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets.

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Shubha Ghosh

Intellectual property, among other legal instruments, is used to promote economic development. This chapter explores the normative dimensions of economic development such as growth in gross national product, technological change, and social indicators like health, literacy, and well-being. After an analysis of normative issues, the chapter moves to positive analyses on the relationship between the exclusive rights of intellectual property and development. In conclusion, the author explores topics for future research and policy prescription.

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Shubha Ghosh

How should we understand competition in markets where data is an implicit commodity in the transaction? This chapter argues that we should understand markets in data as an example of a market for joint products, namely the commodity that the purchaser is receiving and the data revealed to the seller. This model of joint products has implications for competition policy even in environments that might seem to be competitive as to price. Therefore, competition authorities should pay special attention to competition law enforcement in settings involving transfer of data. This chapter provides numerous examples and options for competition authorities to shape their policy responses.

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Shubha Ghosh

This illuminating research review details leading articles on the theory and practice of intellectual property law as it applies to the promotion of innovation in economic, social, and legal dimensions. Topics include the role of law and incentives, cumulative and open forms of innovation, as well as discussion of its social dimensions, relationship with market institutions and how to chart a course for future innovation policy. This review offers a compelling overview of the ideas that ignite and enliven innovation scholarship, invaluable to academics and policymakers alike.