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Stephen Espiner, James Higham and Caroline Orchiston

While ‘sustainability’ has endured as a paradigm for tourism scholars for several decades, more recently ‘resilience’ has generated considerable appeal as a concept that appropriately acknowledges the myriad influences of multiple contexts on the capacity of communities and businesses to adapt and ultimately sustain their tourism enterprises. In this chapter we interrogate the adequacy of sustainability against a backdrop of significant environmental change and powerful geotectonic forces challenging sustainability and resilience thinking in tourism-dependent communities in New Zealand. Ultimately, we consider the possibility that resilience will supersede sustainability as a new goal in tourism planning and development, and outline a potential research agenda that could underpin the future realisation of resilience, and ultimately help sustain the benefits of tourism in geographically peripheral locations.

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Heather Purdie, Stephen Espiner and Christopher Gomez

Rapid recession and thinning of mountain glaciers worldwide is resulting in environmental change that is altering the hazard-scape experienced by visitors. Relationships between rockfall and the changing glacier surface were explored at Fox Glacier, a glacier that is a key tourist destination. A simple rockfall model demonstrated that rocks could travel a further 50 metres out onto the receding glacier, compared to in 2008 when the glacier was advancing. Improving our understanding of natural hazards is essential to the sustainability of the industry given the importance of glacier-related tourism in the local and regional economies.