The number of unaccompanied children entering the United States from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras rose from 3,000 to 4,500 in the early 2000s to close to 60,000 in 2016. Who are these children? Why are they migrating? What are their future prospects? To address these questions, this chapter explores the complex history of Salvadoran migration, with a focus on the perspectives and experiences of children and youth. Key features of this history include civil war, U.S. economic and military intervention, and the denial of refuge. Current child migration is rooted in these earlier moments.