A lot of dreams have been invested in the Palestinian constitution. Its ambitious provisions promise a socially progressive, inclusive and tolerant State. Yet, today, these drafts have lost the semantic ambiguity that typically characterises constitutions in the making. It is all too easy to decide that those constitutional words have lost any hint of their politically-induced performative force. It may be tempting to imagine what things may be like had the Oslo Agreements led to a successful constitutional draft; or what could have happened had Arafat not believed that he could somehow artificially turn back the legal clock to a pre-1967 legal patchwork. It is equally tempting to imagine what could – still – happen if, instead of being merely tolerated, perduring customary laws were encouraged to lend their full gravity to a burgeoning civic movement. The sovereignty deficit that plagues the Palestinian constitution-making effort may turn out to be an asset if, by standing in the way of establishing a constitutional democracy from the top down, it has allowed customary practices to flourish.
Sylvie Delacroix and Michael Veale
Interaction with data-driven services and technology-rich environments poses challenges to our ability to understand the implications of our decisions or to give meaningful consent that can constrain or legitimise the actions of these systems that increasingly surround us. In this chapter, we draw on examples from the Web, related contemporary data-driven services, and existing concepts from Human-Computer Interaction such as human-centered design, affordance and seamfulness, to establish concepts that can help to shape technologists’ and policy makers’ efforts to build an apparent, transparent and accountable Internet of Things. We focus in particular on the opportunities HCI-oriented designers have to support this vision.