Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) projects in China have experienced rapid growth over a relatively short period, in terms of the number of lines launched and the high quality of infrastructure implemented. Since the first full-featured BRT system was implemented in Beijing in late 2004, BRT schemes have been implemented in 22 cities as one of the key strategies for relieving traffic problems. These systems vary in size, design, service plan, operating features and technology application. The chapter aims to describe and evaluate the physical characteristics, technical performance and operational issues associated with BRT systems as implemented globally and particularly in Chinese cities. A SWOT analysis is applied to identify the key factors that are important to implement BRT in the Chinese context and to identify lessons to be learned.