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Tarcísio Hardman Reis

The present chapter provides an overview of the treatment of wastes in international law through a study of international and regional treaties, as well as some of the existing jurisprudence, in order to identify trends and gaps related to the international regulation of waste. Within this purpose, the chapter identifies three approaches based on different topics under international law: the protection of human rights; the protection of the environment; and economic concerns associated with trade and investment activities. The chapter allows us to observe that each of the approaches described serves to respond to specific concerns (e.g. the nuisances created by waste, pollution from certain types of waste, and technical and legal definitions). The chapter concludes that an economic approach, mainly supported by soft law instruments (e.g. international standards and publications from international organizations) is currently being developed in order to respond to the growing importance of the economic dimension of waste.

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Tarcísio Hardman Reis

Abstract This chapter aims to present essential information on the Rotterdam Convention by providing an overview of its historical aspects, goals and institutional arrangements. The chapter also serves as an introduction to key mechanisms and relevant provisions, including updated information on the implementation of the Convention and an appraisal of its importance vis-à-vis international environmental law.
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Tarcísio Hardman Reis

Abstract This chapter aims to present essential information on the Stockholm Convention by providing an overview of its historical aspects, goals and institutional arrangements. The chapter also serves as an introduction to key mechanisms and relevant provisions, including updated information on the implementation of the Convention and an appraisal of its importance vis-à-vis international environmental law. The chapter includes a Box containing an historical overview of the process of cooperation and coordination between the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions.